Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Black Francolin

From Opus

Subspecies  F. f. asiae : malePhoto © by Alok TewariJim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, June-2016
Subspecies F. f. asiae : male
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, June-2016
Francolinus francolinus


[edit] Identification

Nominate subspecies : femalePhoto © by lior kislevBtecha North Israel, November 2008
Nominate subspecies : female
Photo © by lior kislev
Btecha North Israel, November 2008

31–36 cm (12-14 in)

  • Mainly black
  • White spotting on back and flanks
  • Chestnut neck collar
  • White cheek patches
  • Brown wings
  • Red legs

The amount white spotting on the flanks varies considerably


  • Mainly brown
  • Chestnut hind neck
  • The depth of colour of the females varies

[edit] Distribution

Kashmir, Cyprus, south-eastern Turkey, Iran, southwest Turkmenistan and northeast India.

Introduced to Hawaii

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Sub-adult male, subspecies asiaePhoto © by TribhuzSuklaphanta National Park, Nepal, December 2017
Sub-adult male, subspecies asiae
Photo © by Tribhuz
Suklaphanta National Park, Nepal, December 2017
Subspecies F. f. asiae : femalePhoto © by Alok TewariDist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, January-2018
Subspecies F. f. asiae : female
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, January-2018

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • F. f. francolinus:
  • F. f. arabistanicus:
  • F. f. bogdanovi:
  • F. f. henrici:
  • F. f. asiae:
  • F. f. melanonotus:

[edit] Habitat

Scrubby habitats with plenty of low cover. Grassland and other cultivated areas. Also wetlands.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a bare ground scrape. The clutch consists of 8-18 pale greenish-brown eggs with white spots.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of a variety of seeds from grass, weeds and cereal crops; also leaves, shoots, tubers berries and fruit. They also eat many insects and their larvae.

[edit] Vocalisation

Subspecies  F. f. henrici : malePhoto © by Jugal Tiwari Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009
Subspecies F. f. henrici : male
Photo © by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
(Jim Corbett NP, India, May-2016

[edit] In Culture

State bird of Haryana (India).

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Mar 2018)
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.26805806 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 15:13.