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Black Francolin

From Opus

Subspecies  F. f. asiae : malePhoto by Alok TewariJim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, June-2016
Subspecies F. f. asiae : male
Photo by Alok Tewari
Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, June-2016
Francolinus francolinus


[edit] Identification

31–36 cm (12-14 in)

  • Mainly black
  • White spotting on back and flanks
  • Chestnut neck collar
  • White cheek patches
  • Brown wings
  • Red legs

The amount white spotting on the flanks varies considerably

Subspecies F. f. asiae : femalePhoto by Alok TewariGurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, January-2018
Subspecies F. f. asiae : female
Photo by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, January-2018


  • Mainly brown
  • Chestnut hind neck
  • The depth of colour of the females varies

[edit] Distribution

Kashmir, Cyprus, south-eastern Turkey, Iran, southwest Turkmenistan and northeast India.

Introduced to Hawaii

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • F. f. francolinus:
  • F. f. arabistanicus:
Nominate subspecies : femalePhoto by lior kislevBtecha North Israel, November 2008
Nominate subspecies : female
Photo by lior kislev
Btecha North Israel, November 2008
  • F. f. bogdanovi:
  • F. f. henrici:
  • F. f. asiae:
  • F. f. melanonotus:

[edit] Habitat

Scrubby habitats with plenty of low cover. Grassland and other cultivated areas. Also wetlands.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It nests in a bare ground scrape. 8-18 white-spotted pale brown/greenish eggs are laid.

Subspecies  F. f. henrici : malePhoto by Jugal Tiwari Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009
Subspecies F. f. henrici : male
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009

[edit] Diet

The diet includes a wide variety of plant and insect food.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
(Jim Corbett NP, India, May-2016

[edit] In Culture

State bird of Haryana (India).

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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