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Black Wheatear - BirdForum Opus

Male, subspecies O.l. leucura
Photo by Kevin Wade
Ronda, Southern Spain, November 2020
Oenanthe leucura

Identification

16-18 cm
Male - all black apart from white rump, vent and proximal sides of tail, which has what looks like a black inverted T-shape. In flight has a white flash on the underside of the wing.
Female - similar, dark brown rather than black.

Male, subspecies O.l. riggenbachi in flight
Photo by NJLarsen
Seldja Gorge, Tunisia, December 1985

Similar species

Juvenile White-crowned Wheatear lacks white crown and is best separated by much less black on outer tail feathers giving a different tail pattern. The "Basalt" form of Mourning Wheatear does not overlap in range by a large margin.

Distribution

Western north Africa and Iberia.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

There are 2 subspecies:

  • O. l. leucura:
  • O. l. riggenbachi:

Habitat

Cliffs and rocky slopes.

Behaviour

Breeding

It nests in crevices in rocks laying 3-6 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Grant, P.J., K. Mullarney, L. Svensson, D. Zetterstrom (1999) Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. Harpercollins Pub Ltd ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  3. Collar, N. (2020). Black Wheatear (Oenanthe leucura), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.blawhe1.01

Recommended Citation

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