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Boulder Chat - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by GarethH
Mmabolela Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa, 29 July 2006
Pinarornis plumosus


23–27 cm (9-11 in)

  • Dark brownish-grey overall plumage
  • Blacker underparts
  • White primary patches (only visible in flight)

Sexes similar


Eastern Africa: South-eastern Zambia, Mozambique, to southern Malawi
Southern Africa: Botswana, Zimbabwe


This is a monotypic species[1].


Well wooded areas with granite outcrops.



Their main diet consists of insects and lizards. They also hawk for flying insects


They construct an unlined cup nest from leaves and vegetable debris, bits of bark, earth and twigs. It is placed under a log or boulder in the leaf litter. Their clutch contains 2-4 greenish-white eggs with reddish-brown speckles. The eggs are incubated for about 15 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2020) - Avibase Retrieved 29 August 2020
  3. Birdforum Member observations
  4. Collar, N. (2020). Boulder Chat (Pinarornis plumosus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.boucha1.01

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