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Bronze Mannikin - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Bronze Munia

Photo © by rudydbn
Durban, South Africa, July 2004
Spermestes cucullata

Lonchura cucullata


Total length 9 cm (3½ in)

Similar Species

Separated from the larger Magpie Mannikin by its shorter bill and barred rump.


Widespread in Africa south of the Sahara.

Absent from a large part of south-western Africa (Namibia, west and central South Africa and most of Botswana). Generally common to abundant.

This species has also been used in the trade of captive birds, and releases/escapes have resulted in naturalized populations in other parts of the world (e.g., Puerto Rico ).

Photo © by scottishdude
The Gambia, March 2010


Sometimes placed in the genus Lonchura.


Two subspecies are recognized:1:

  • S. c. cucullatus
  • S. c. scutatus


Grassy areas near woodland, forest edge and gardens.

Photo © by rudydbn
Illovo Glen, Durban, South Africa, August 2005




Feeds mainly on seeds (especially from grasses). Will visit garden feeders.


Grass is used in the making of the nest, which is placed in a tree.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum Member observations

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