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Bronzy Inca - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Aralcal
Aralcal, Manizales, Colombia, June 2010
Coeligena coeligena


14 cm (10¼ in)
Rufous-brown to maroon all over, with white on throat, white post-ocular spot, and green spots on back.
Tail is forked, bill long, straight, and black.


Photo © by Stanley Jones
Fundo Alto Nieva, San Martín, Peru, January 2017

South America: found in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia.



There are 6 recognized subspecies[1]:

  • C.c. coeligena:
  • Coastal mountains of northern Venezuela (Lara to Miranda)
  • C.c. zuliana:
  • C.c. columbiana:
  • C.c. ferruginea:
  • C.c. obscura:
  • C.c. boliviana:
  • Andes of central and south-eastern Bolivia


Moist forests, especially edges.



Their main diet consists of nectar. They follow a route from flower to flower, often along forest edge. May sometimes be territorial over flowers.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2017)

Recommended Citation

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