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Capped Wheatear - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Mybs
Blouvlei near Cape Town, South Africa, September 2005
Oenanthe pileata

Identification

17-18 cm

  • Black cap, cheeks, breast band
  • White eye stripe and throat
  • White underparts
  • Buff flanks and lower belly
  • Black tail base, centre of tail forms an inverted "T"
  • White rump
  • Black pointed bill
  • Black legs

Juvenile: brown cap and cheeks

Distribution

Africa
Western Africa: DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Lesotho

Subspecies livingstonii
Photo by nigelblake
Tanzania, July 1997

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

There are 3 subspecies:

  • O. p. neseri:
  • O. p. livingstonii:
  • O. p. pileata:

Habitat

Stony plains, semi-desert, thornveld and short grassland.

Behaviour

Often seen perched on stones and fence posts.

Breeding

Monogamous.

The nest is made from straw, grass, and leaves, in a hole in the ground or a termite mound. The clutch consists of 3-4 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects, especially ants.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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