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Breeding Adult identified easily with rufous nape, cream-colored throat and black belly.
Breeds from southeastern Alberta to southern Manitoba south to Montana, eastern Wyoming, and the Dakotas. Winters from southern Arizona and most of New Mexico east to southwestern Kansas, western and central Oklahoma, and most of Texas (except the very eastern part). In migration found in Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, and Oklahoma.
Vagrant to both coasts with the most records in California.
Accidental to inland states and provinces that are not part of regular range.
Both short and long grass praries.
The nest is a grass cup or a shallow ground scrape. The clutch consists of 4-5 eggs; both adults feed the young.
The diet includes seeds and insects.
Call: two-syllabled chee dee.
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