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Little Forktail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Enicurus scouleri)
In a mountain stream-torrent : its typical habitat
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Kainchi Ashram, Alt. 4800 ft, Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, October-2011
Enicurus scouleri


12–14 cm (4¾-5½) The smallest forktail with a fairly short tail

  • Black head to upper breast
  • Black wings and centre of tail
  • White fore-rump, underparts, undertail coverts and vent
  • Black bill
  • Pale pink feet


Photo © by Yeshey Dorji
Dechenchholing, Western Bhutan, November 2004

Asia: found in Russia, Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, Tibet, Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Bhutan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar and Vietnam



There are 2 subspecies[1]

  • E. s. scouleri:
  • E. s. fortis:
Mountain streams of Taiwan


Rocky mountain streams in forested areas, especially waterfalls.



Diet consists of aquatic insects and crustaceans including beetles and ants.


The cup-shaped nest is made of moss, leaves and grass, usually found in a rock crevice or on a ledge, which is very often behind a waterfall. The clutch consists of 3-5 eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2015)
  4. Birding in Taiwan

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External Links

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