• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Little Forktail - BirdForum Opus

In a mountain stream-torrent : its typical habitat
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Kainchi Ashram, Alt. 4800 ft, Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, October-2011
Enicurus scouleri

Identification

12–14 cm (4¾-5½) The smallest forktail with a fairly short tail

  • Black head to upper breast
  • Black wings and centre of tail
  • White fore-rump, underparts, undertail coverts and vent
  • Black bill
  • Pale pink feet

Distribution

Photo © by Yeshey Dorji
Dechenchholing, Western Bhutan, November 2004

Asia: found in Russia, Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, Tibet, Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Bhutan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar and Vietnam

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]

  • E. s. scouleri:
  • E. s. fortis:
Mountain streams of Taiwan

Habitat

Rocky mountain streams in forested areas, especially waterfalls.

Behaviour

Diet

Diet consists of aquatic insects and crustaceans including beetles and ants.

Breeding

The cup-shaped nest is made of moss, leaves and grass, usually found in a rock crevice or on a ledge, which is very often behind a waterfall. The clutch consists of 3-5 eggs.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2015)
  4. Birding in Taiwan

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

Back
Top