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Golden-fronted Leafbird - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies insularis
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Manjolai, Western Ghats, South India, 15 July 2013

Alternative name: Gold-fronted Chloropsis

Chloropsis aurifrons


Ssp. frontalis
Photo © by John Keep
Arpora Woods, Goa, India, March, 2008

17-19cm (6¾-7½ in).

  • Orange forehead and forecrown
  • Black mask and lower throat
  • Violet-blue chin, upper throat and malar region
  • Yellow band around lower part of bib, prominent in nominate subspecies, indistinctive or missing in some subspecies
  • Turquoise-blue lesser upperwing-coverts
  • Rest of plumage grass-green

Females are similar but have less blue on wing and they are smaller.
Juveniles are all green except for a yellow eyelid rim.


From India, Nepal and Sri Lanka east to Burma, southern China, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia to Vietnam.
Common to fairly common in its range. Trapping for the cage-bird market is a serious problem locally.


Sumatran Leafbird was formerly included in this species and forms a superspecies with it.


Photo © by robby thai
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand, August 2015

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. aurifrons:
  • C. a. frontalis:
  • C. a. insularis:
  • C. a. pridii:
  • C. a. inornata:
  • C. a. incompta:


Ssp. aurifrons
Photo © by Rajsurin
Ramnagar, Uttarakhand, India, January 2017

Deciduous forest to evergreen forest, forest edge, secondary growth, tree plantations and wooded gardens.
Occurs from lowlands to ca. 1200m.



A generalist feeder. Feeds on arthropods, fruits and nectars.
Forages singly, in pairs or small groups.


The nest is an open cup made of fine twigs, bark fibre, grass and bamboo. It's placed 9-12m up the ground in an outer fork of a tree. Lays 2 eggs, sometimes 3.


A resident species. Birds of the Himalayan foothills are said to do short-range vertical migrations.


It can mimic voices of many common birds also.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334726

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