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Golden-fronted Leafbird

From Opus

Alternative name: Gold-fronted Chloropsis

Ssp. aurifronsPhoto by RajsurinRamnagar, Uttarakhand, India, January 2017
Ssp. aurifrons
Photo by Rajsurin
Ramnagar, Uttarakhand, India, January 2017
Chloropsis aurifrons


[edit] Identification

Ssp. frontalisPhoto by John KeepArpora Woods, Goa,  India, March, 2008
Ssp. frontalis
Photo by John Keep
Arpora Woods, Goa, India, March, 2008

17-19cm (6¾-7½ in).

  • Orange forehead and forecrown
  • Black mask and lower throat
  • Violet-blue chin, upper throat and malar region
  • Yellow band around lower part of bib, prominent in nominate subspecies, indistinctive or missing in some subspecies
  • Turquoise-blue lesser upperwing-coverts
  • Rest of plumage grass-green

Females are similar but have less blue on wing and they are smaller.
Juveniles are all green except for a yellow eyelid rim.

[edit] Distribution

From India, Nepal and Sri Lanka east to Burma, southern China, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia to Vietnam.
Common to fairly common in its range. Trapping for the cage-bird market is a serious problem locally.

[edit] Taxonomy

Sumatran Leafbird was formerly included in this species and forms a superspecies with it.

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by robby thaiHuai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand, August 2015
Photo by robby thai
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand, August 2015

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. aurifrons:
  • C. a. frontalis:
  • C. a. insularis:
  • C. a. pridii:
  • C. a. inornata:
  • C. a. incompta:

[edit] Habitat

Deciduous forest to evergreen forest, forest edge, secondary growth, tree plantations and wooded gardens.
Occurs from lowlands to ca. 1200m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

A generalist feeder. Feeds on arthropods, fruits and nectars.
Forages singly, in pairs or small groups.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is an open cup made of fine twigs, bark fibre, grass and bamboo. It's placed 9-12m up the ground in an outer fork of a tree. Lays 2 eggs, sometimes 3.

[edit] Movements

A resident species. Birds of the Himalayan foothills are said to do short-range vertical migrations.

[edit] Vocalisation

It can mimic voices of many common birds also.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334726

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