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Greater Prairie Chicken

From Opus

Displaying adult male Photo © by ruby99Northeast Colorado, USA, April 2010
Displaying adult male
Photo © by ruby99
Northeast Colorado, USA, April 2010
Tympanuchus cupido

Contents

[edit] Identification

41–47 cm
The entire body is covered in bars.

[edit] Distribution

Mainly seen in Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Missouri, with smaller populations in Colorado, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Oklahoma, Iowa, and Texas.

Male of the Attwater's subspecies Photo © by Greg LavatyAttwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Texas, USA, July 2009
Male of the Attwater's subspecies
Photo © by Greg Lavaty
Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Texas, USA, July 2009

[edit] Taxonomy

The species itself belongs to the Genus Tympanuchus, but placed in Tetraonidae by some authorities[1].

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • T. c. pinnatus:
  • T. c. cupido: (Heath Hen)
  • Formerly north-eastern US; extirpated ca 1932
  • T. c. attwateri: (Attwater's)
  • Coastal south-eastern Texas

[edit] Status

The Attwater's subspecies of the Texas coastal grasslands is critically endangered.

[edit] Habitat

Female of the Attwater's subspecies Photo © by Greg LavatyAttwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Texas, USA, July 2009
Female of the Attwater's subspecies
Photo © by Greg Lavaty
Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR, Texas, USA, July 2009

Seen in tall-grass prairies.

[edit] Behaviour

Often seen in flocks of over 15. This species is famous for the male's displays on the lek.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of grains.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)

[edit] External Links

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