• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS. Discover the fascinating world of birds, and win a birding trip to Columbia

Green-barred Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Golden-breasted Woodpecker

Male
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 2015
Colaptes melanochloros

Identification

27–30 cm (10½-11¾ in)
The male has a red malar while the female has a black malar.
Both sexes are pale green with white on the sides of the head and red on the crown and nape while the forecrown is black. The upperparts are barred black while the underparts have black, heart-shaped spots.

Distribution

A female of the melanolaimus group
Photo © by luisrock62
Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 2005

South America: this species has 5 subspecies which together occupy parts of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. m. melanochloros:
  • C. m. nattereri:
  • North-eastern Brazil to Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
  • C. m. melanolaimus Golden-breasted Woodpecker:
  • Arid upland valleys of central and southern Bolivia
  • C. m. nigroviridis:
  • Southern Bolivia to western Paraguay, northern Argentina and western Uruguay
  • C. m. leucofrenatus:
  • North-western and west-central Argentina (south to Neuquén and west Río Negro)

Habitat

Female, subspecies leucofrenatus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
El 44 Reserva Natural de Tiempo Libre, Capilla del Monte, Córdoba Province, Argentina, October 2019

A variety of habitats from forest to caatinga and desert scrub.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of ants.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2014)

Recommended Citation

External Links



Top