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Hooded Mannikin

From Opus

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Joseph Morlan Rabaul, East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, 16 September 2019
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Rabaul, East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, 16 September 2019

Alternative name: Hooded Munia

Lonchura spectabilis


[edit] Identification

Subspecies L. s. gajdusekiPhoto © by djringerUkarumpa, Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea, 3 October 2006
Subspecies L. s. gajduseki
Photo © by djringer
Ukarumpa, Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea, 3 October 2006

10 cm (4 in)
Adult has glossy black hood. Underparts are brown. Underparts are creamy-white or rich cinnamon (L. s. wahgiensis). Rump is golden yellow-orange. Tail and undertail coverts are black. Juvenile is pale buffy brown with streaked head. Immature gradually acquires black hood. Sexes alike.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a polytypic species.

[edit] Subspecies

Five subspecies provisionally recognized[1]:

  • L. s. wahgiensis: Central and s highlands of New Guinea
  • L. s. gajduseki: New Guinea (Karimui basin and e highlands)
  • L. s. mayri: New Guinea (Cyclops Mountains and lowlands of Hollandia)
  • L. s. sepikensis: NE New Guinea (East Sepik Province)
  • L. s. spectabilis: Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, Long and Umboi)

Most authors recognize only three subspecies merging L. s. sepikensis with L. s. mayri and L. s. gajduseki with L. s. wahgiensis.

[edit] Habitat

Foothills and mid-montane grassland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Mostly seeds, including introduced itchgrass (Rottboellia exaltata).

[edit] Breeding

An oval nest made of grasses, straw, stems and fibres is placed in a bush or grasses. 5-6 eggs are laid.

[edit] Vocalisation

Soft nasal contact calls. Song is a series of staccato notes interspersed with clicks and long whistles.

[edit] Movements

Mostly resident but locally nomadic.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis. (1993). Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N. J.
  3. Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  4. Payne, R. (2019). Hooded Mannikin (Lonchura spectabilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 November 2019).

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