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Levaillant's Woodpecker

From Opus

MalePhoto by nick scarleMorocco, March 2004
Male
Photo by nick scarle
Morocco, March 2004

Alternative name: Algerian Woodpecker

Picus vaillantii

Contents

[edit] Identification

31–33 cm (12-13 in)

  • Dark green upperparts
  • Yellowy-green underparts
  • Red nape
  • Black moustache with a light upper border
  • Yellow rump
  • Black and white barred primaries
  • Grey bill and feet

Male has a crimson crown
Female has a grey crown and red nape

[edit] Similar Species

FemalePhoto by Ornitho26Ifrane, Morocco, May 2008
Female
Photo by Ornitho26
Ifrane, Morocco, May 2008

Differs from the closely related Eurasian Green Woodpecker Picus viridis in lacking black around the eye, and in females having a grey, not red, crown. The Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus (viridis) sharpei is intermediate.

[edit] Distribution

Northwest Africa: found in the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Mountain forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Photo by Jose RamonToufliht, Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region, Morocco, March 2010
Photo by Jose Ramon
Toufliht, Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region, Morocco, March 2010

Their diet is chiefly insects, particularly ants, which are captured using their long sticky tongues.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in tree holes. The clutch consists of 4-8 glossy white eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2015)
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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