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Malachite Kingfisher

From Opus

Photo © by MikeB Cuango river valley pond, northern Angola
Photo © by MikeB
Cuango river valley pond, northern Angola
Corythornis cristatus

Alcedo cristata
Includes: Sao Tome Kingfisher

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by Mybs Wilderness National Park, South Africa
Juvenile
Photo © by Mybs
Wilderness National Park, South Africa

13 cm (5 in)

  • Rufous supraloral spot
  • Bright blue upperparts
  • Green on crown
  • White streak on sides of neck
  • Orange-chestnut underparts and face
  • The crest is not usually raised

[edit] Similar Species

Looks similar to the African Pygmy Kingfisher, but the Pygmy has no crest and is a woodland rather than a waterside bird.

[edit] Distribution

Africa
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Sao Tome, Principe, Madagascar

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by Claude_Caprivi Band, Namibia, Africa, 2017
Photo © by Claude_
Caprivi Band, Namibia, Africa, 2017

[edit] Subspecies

Alcedo cristata has five subspecies:[1]

  • C. c. galeritus
  • C. c. cristatus
  • C. c. thomensis
  • São Tomé
  • Sometimes regarded a full species, Sao Tome Kingfisher.
  • C. c. nais
  • C. c. robertsi

[edit] Habitat

Usually found in vegetation around Lakes and rivers .

[edit] Behaviour

Will take advantage of fence posts and jetties as a fishing perch.

[edit] Diet

Catches anything from prawns and crabs to insect larvae.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)

[edit] External Links


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