Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Malachite Kingfisher

From Opus

Photo © by MikeB Cuango river valley pond, northern Angola
Photo © by MikeB
Cuango river valley pond, northern Angola
Corythornis cristatus

Alcedo cristata
Includes: Sao Tome Kingfisher


[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by Mybs Wilderness National Park, South Africa
Photo © by Mybs
Wilderness National Park, South Africa

13 cm (5 in)

  • Rufous supraloral spot
  • Bright blue upperparts
  • Green on crown
  • White streak on sides of neck
  • Orange-chestnut underparts and face
  • The crest is not usually raised

[edit] Similar Species

Looks similar to the African Pygmy Kingfisher, but the Pygmy has no crest and is a woodland rather than a waterside bird.

[edit] Distribution

Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Sao Tome, Principe, Madagascar

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by Claude_Caprivi Band, Namibia, Africa, 2017
Photo © by Claude_
Caprivi Band, Namibia, Africa, 2017

[edit] Subspecies

Alcedo cristata has five subspecies:[1]

  • C. c. galeritus
  • C. c. cristatus
  • C. c. thomensis
  • São Tomé
  • Sometimes regarded a full species, Sao Tome Kingfisher.
  • C. c. nais
  • C. c. robertsi

[edit] Habitat

Usually found in vegetation around Lakes and rivers .

[edit] Behaviour

Will take advantage of fence posts and jetties as a fishing perch.

[edit] Diet

Catches anything from prawns and crabs to insect larvae.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.27131891 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 18:37.