- Corythornis cristatus
Includes: Sao Tome Kingfisher
13 cm (5 in)
- Rufous supraloral spot
- Bright blue upperparts
- Green on crown
- White streak on sides of neck
- Orange-chestnut underparts and face
- The crest is not usually raised
Looks similar to the African Pygmy Kingfisher, but the Pygmy has no crest and is a woodland rather than a waterside bird.
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Sao Tome, Principe, Madagascar
Alcedo cristata has five subspecies:
- C. c. galeritus
- C. c. cristatus
- C. c. thomensis
- São Tomé
- Sometimes regarded a full species, Sao Tome Kingfisher.
- C. c. nais
- C. c. robertsi
Usually found in vegetation around Lakes and rivers .
Will take advantage of fence posts and jetties as a fishing perch.
Catches anything from prawns and crabs to insect larvae.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BF Member observations
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Malachite Kingfisher. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 24 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Malachite_Kingfisher