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Masked Lapwing

From Opus

Photo © by mehdhalaouate Queensland, Australia, April 2005
Photo © by mehdhalaouate
Queensland, Australia, April 2005
Vanellus miles

Contents

[edit] Identification

Adult V. m. novaehollandiae  Photo © by Scott Wieman Lake Matheson, West Coast, New Zealand
Adult V. m. novaehollandiae
Photo © by Scott Wieman
Lake Matheson, West Coast, New Zealand

30–37 cm (11¾-14½ in)
Adults

  • Yellow wattles and bills
  • Black crown and hindneck
  • Back and wings smooth brown
  • White rump and underparts
  • Black tip on tail
  • Red/orange legs and feet

Juvenile

  • Smaller wattles
  • Feathers on upperparts edged with black and buff

[edit] Variations

Northern subspecies (V. m. miles) has an all white neck and long facial wattles
Southern subspecies (V. m. novaehollandiae) has a black neck, sides of breast and small, rounded wattles

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies novaehollandiaePhoto © by MzunguBribie Island, Queensland, Australia, July 2018
Subspecies novaehollandiae
Photo © by Mzungu
Bribie Island, Queensland, Australia, July 2018

Australia and New Zealand.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

ChickPhoto © by MzunguWellington Point, Brisbane, Queensland, August 2017
Chick
Photo © by Mzungu
Wellington Point, Brisbane, Queensland, August 2017

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • V. m. miles (Masked Lapwing):
  • V. m. novaehollandiae (Black-shouldered):

V. m. novaehollandiae became self introduced to Southland, New Zealand in the 1930s spreading throughout New Zealand, where it is known as the Spur-winged Plover, leading to confusion with the species from the Northern Hemisphere which has the same name[1].

[edit] Habitat

Wetlands and in other moist, open environments.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet mainly consists of items such as molluscs, worms, millepedes, centipedes, insects and crustaceans. They will also take frogs, leaves and seeds on occasion.

[edit] Breeding

They lay their eggs in a ground scrape.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2017)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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