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New Caledonian Imperial Pigeon

From Opus

Photo by Joseph Morlan Parc de la Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 22 September 2019
Photo by Joseph Morlan
Parc de la Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 22 September 2019

Alternative name: Goliath Imperial Pigeon

Ducula goliath


[edit] Identification

50-51 cm (19 ¾-20 in) A very large arboreal pigeon

  • General plumage dark slate-grey
  • Sooty grey upperparts
  • Streaky blue-gray head, neck and breast
  • Paler primary bases
  • Chestnut belly
  • Buffy undertail coverts.
  • Long tail with chestnut band.

Juvenile is duller and browner. Sexes alike although female slightly smaller.

[edit] Distribution

New Caledonia including Isle of Pines.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Primary montane and moist lowland forest.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

This frugivorous species feeds on fruits and berries including the introduced chili pepper (Capsicum).

[edit] Breeding

Only known nest described made of twigs placed in a tree fork. It had one nestling.

[edit] Vocalisation

An owl-like, rhythmic series of low-pitched hoots.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon (Ducula goliath). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 December 2019).
  3. Barre, N.; Wichatitsky, M. de G.; Lecoq, R.; Maillard, J.-C. 2003. Contribution to the knowledge of the New Caledonian imperial pigeon Ducula goliath (Gray, 1859), with emphasis on sexual dimorphism. Notornis 50(3): 155-160
  4. BirdLife International 2016. Ducula goliath. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22691754A93323858. Downloaded on 05 December 2019.
  5. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.

[edit] External Links


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