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New Caledonian Imperial Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Joseph Morlan
Parc de la Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 22 September 2019

Alternative name: Goliath Imperial Pigeon

Ducula goliath


50-51 cm (19 ¾-20 in) A very large arboreal pigeon

  • General plumage dark slate-grey
  • Sooty grey upperparts
  • Streaky blue-gray head, neck and breast
  • Paler primary bases
  • Chestnut belly
  • Buffy undertail coverts.
  • Long tail with chestnut band.

Juvenile is duller and browner. Sexes alike although female slightly smaller.


New Caledonia including Isle of Pines.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Primary montane and moist lowland forest.



This frugivorous species feeds on fruits and berries including the introduced chili pepper (Capsicum).


Only known nest described made of twigs placed in a tree fork. It had one nestling.


An owl-like, rhythmic series of low-pitched hoots.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon (Ducula goliath). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54389 on 5 December 2019).
  3. Barre, N.; Wichatitsky, M. de G.; Lecoq, R.; Maillard, J.-C. 2003. Contribution to the knowledge of the New Caledonian imperial pigeon Ducula goliath (Gray, 1859), with emphasis on sexual dimorphism. Notornis 50(3): 155-160
  4. BirdLife International 2016. Ducula goliath. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22691754A93323858. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22691754A93323858.en. Downloaded on 05 December 2019.
  5. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.

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