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Northern Black Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by Scottishdude
The Gambia, March, 2010
Melaenornis edolioides


20 cm long. Black. If seen in a front view, the tail is graduated. Juveniles are blackish-brown with buff scaling.

Similar Species

Southern Black-Flycatcher is very similar but lacks the graduated tail (except if in moult).


Senegal and Gambia east to Eritrea and Ethiopia, and south to Zaire and Tanzania.


Three subspecies are recognized[1].

  • M.e. edolioides
  • M.e. lugubris
  • M.e. schistaceus


Moist wooded areas and cultivation.


It nests in a hole, or reuses the old nest of another species, and lays 2-3 eggs. Breeding takes place in the wet season.

Diet includes insects.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Birdforum thread mentioning the graduated tail (post 14)

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