Alternative name: Amazonian Oropendola
- Psarocolius bifasciatus
Includes Para Oropendola
Male 47â€“53 cm (18Â½-20Â¾ in); Female 34Â·5â€“38 cm (13Â¼-15 in)
- Chestnut back and wings
- Olive neck, head and underparts
- Black bill with bright orange-red tip
- Bright pink bare patch on the cheek
- Long yellow tail is yellow underneath
South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil
Some authorities place this species in genus Gymnostinops.
Three subspecies are recognized1:
- North Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio TapajÃ³s to Rio XingÃº)
- North Brazil south of Amazon (Rio Tocantins to BelÃ©m and northern Mato Grosso)
The last of these, yuracares (which is the westernmost subspecies), is sometimes split as a full species, "Olive Oropendola"; in that case, the other daughter species including bifasciatus and neivae is called "Para Oropendola". None of the major checklists recognize this split, but Restall2 does; see also discussion3.
Tall humid forests and plantations.
They construct a long (about 50ccm) woven basket nest in a tree which hangs from the end of a branch.
They are probably omnivorous and are thought to cultivated fruit and mostly likely insects too.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
- Opus discussion for this page.
- Arthur Grosset
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