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Olive Oropendola

From Opus

Photo © by Stanley JonesRío Tambopata, Madre de Dios Department, Peru, August, 2018
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Río Tambopata, Madre de Dios Department, Peru, August, 2018

Alternative name: Amazonian Oropendola

Psarocolius bifasciatus

Includes Para Oropendola

Contents

[edit] Identification

Male 47–53 cm (18½-20¾ in); Female 34·5–38 cm (13¼-15 in)

  • Chestnut back and wings
  • Olive neck, head and underparts
  • Black bill with bright orange-red tip
  • Bright pink bare patch on the cheek
  • Long yellow tail is yellow underneath

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

[edit] Taxonomy

Some authorities place this species in genus Gymnostinops.

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized1:

  • P. b. yuracares:
  • P. b. neivae:>
  • North Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio Tapajós to Rio Xingú)
  • P. b. bifasciatus:
  • North Brazil south of Amazon (Rio Tocantins to Belém and northern Mato Grosso)


The last of these, yuracares (which is the westernmost subspecies), is sometimes split as a full species, "Olive Oropendola"; in that case, the other daughter species including bifasciatus and neivae is called "Para Oropendola". None of the major checklists recognize this split, but Restall2 does; see also discussion3.

[edit] Habitat

Tall humid forests and plantations.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They construct a long (about 50ccm) woven basket nest in a tree which hangs from the end of a branch.

[edit] Diet

They are probably omnivorous and are thought to cultivated fruit and mostly likely insects too.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  3. Opus discussion for this page.
  4. Arthur Grosset

[edit] External Links

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