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Pale Crag Martin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by ammadoux
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, August 2018

Pale Rock Martin

Ptyonoprogne obsoleta

Hirundo obsoleta


Photo © by ghaffar
Kookherd, Hormozgan, Iran, April 2015

12·5–14 cm (5-5½ in)

  • Light brownish-grey upperparts
  • Creamy-white throat


Africa, Middle East, Asia
Northern Africa: found in Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Niger, Chad
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia
Middle East: Turkey, Israel, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan


Previously in genus Hirundo.
Sometimes included in Rock Martin.


Photo © by Mike Barth
Ras al Khaimah, UAE, January 2011

There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • P. f. presaharica:
  • P. f. spatzi:
  • South Algeria, south-western Libya and northern Chad
  • P. f. buchanani:
  • South-central Sahara (Aïr Massif of northern Niger)
  • P. f. obsoleta:
  • P. f. perpallida :
  • P. f. pallida:
  • P. f. arabica:
  • P. f. pusilla:


Common breeding resident of mountains, foothills and high-rise buildings near Gulf coast.



Their diet consists almost entirely of flying insects, such as beetles, bees, wasps, ants, bugs and flies.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Aug 2018)

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