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16-17.5cm (6ΒΌ-7 in)
Female is duller and is more streaked on undersides
 Similar species
Female Yellowhammer usually has yellow tones, but on a few, these may be very faint and therefore difficult to separate. To identify female Pine Bunting (which should look more contrasting overall), look especially that
On both sexes, note that the rump is more brownish lacking the orange tone to the rufous that many Yellowhammer shows.
Accidental vagrant to Alaska with 2 records.
There are 2 subspecies:
Open pine forests; fields with hedges, scrub or trees.
During the breeding season, their diet consists mostly of insects and invertebrates such as grasshoppers, caterpillars and beetles, with seeds the remainder of the year.
The clutch consists of 4-6 eggs. The nest is a woven cup built by the female. There are usually two broods.
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