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Ruddy Ground Dove - BirdForum Opus

Female left, Male right, subspecies taipacoti
Photo © by Stanley Jones
San Martín, Peru, December, 2016
Columbina talpacoti


Female, subspecies rufipennis
Photo © by DABS
Petit Valley, Trinidad, August 2017

Adult male 15–18 cm (6-7 in)

  • Pale grey head and neck
  • Rufous upperparts
  • Black spots on wing coverts
  • Underparts are paler brown
  • Tail is edged black
  • Underwings are cinnamon and black

Female 14–18 cm (5½-7 in)
Greyish-brown (as opposed to the rufous colouring of the male); there is also less contrast between head and body.


Southern Mexico to Mar del Plata, Argentina, as well in some Caribbean Islands, including Trinidad and Tobago.



Juvenile, subspecies rufipennis
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Camp Darién, Darién Province, Panama, February 2015

Four subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • C. t. eluta:
  • Coastal western Mexico (northern Sinaloa to Chiapas)
  • C. t. rufipennis:
  • C. t. caucae:
  • Western Colombia (Cauca Valley)
  • C. t. talpacoti:


Scrub and open country, including cultivation.



Their main diet consists of seeds.


A cup-shaped nest is built in a tree. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs, which are incubated for 12-13 days. The chicks fledge after 12-14 days.

There may be two further broods.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links