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Rufous-fronted Thornbird

From Opus

Subspecies inornatus Plain ThornbirdPhoto by Bananafishbones Hato Pinero, Llanos, Venezuela, March 2012
Subspecies inornatus Plain Thornbird
Photo by Bananafishbones
Hato Pinero, Llanos, Venezuela, March 2012

Alternative name: Common Thornbird

Phacellodomus rufifrons

Includes: Plain Thornbird


[edit] Identification

16–17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)

  • Dull buff supercilium
  • Chestnut forehead
  • Light brown upperparts
  • Pale underparts

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies sincipitalisPhoto by Stanley JonesHumahuaca, Jujuy Province, Argentina, October 2019
Subspecies sincipitalis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Humahuaca, Jujuy Province, Argentina, October 2019

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies peruvianusPhoto by Stanley JonesCorral Quemado, Piura Department, Peru, November 2013
Subspecies peruvianus
Photo by Stanley Jones
Corral Quemado, Piura Department, Peru, November 2013

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • P. r. inornatus:
  • Llanos of north-eastern Colombia and Venezuela
  • Considered a separate species (Plain Thornbird) by IOC[2]
  • P. r. castilloi:
  • P. r. peruvianus:
  • North-western Peru (Río Marañón Valley) and adjacent southern Ecuador
  • P. r. specularis:
  • North-eastern Brazil (Pernambuco)
  • P. r. rufifrons:
  • Eastern Brazil (Piauí, Bahia and Minas Gerais)
  • P. r. sincipitalis:

[edit] Habitat

Dry forests, dry savanna, dry shrubland and former forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They eat a variety of insects, including ants

[edit] Breeding

They build huge stick nest which may be up to 2 metres long. They contain chambers although only one is used. The same pair will build a new nest each year and usually in the same or a nearby tree. There are usually at least two broods each year.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at
  3. Avibase
  4. Arthur Grosset
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)

[edit] External Links


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