Alternative name: Common Thornbird
- Phacellodomus rufifrons
Includes: Plain Thornbird
16â€“17 cm (6Â¼-6Â¾ in)
- Dull buff supercilium
- Chestnut forehead
- Light brown upperparts
- Pale underparts
South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.
Photo by Stanley Jones
Corral Quemado, Piura Department, Peru
, November 2013
There are 6 subspecies:
- Llanos of north-eastern Colombia and Venezuela
- Considered a separate species (Plain Thornbird) by IOC
- North-western Peru (RÃo MaraÃ±Ã³n Valley) and adjacent southern Ecuador
- North-eastern Brazil (Pernambuco)
- Eastern Brazil (PiauÃ, Bahia and Minas Gerais)
Dry forests, dry savanna, dry shrubland and former forests.
They eat a variety of insects, including ants
They build huge stick nest which may be up to 2 metres long. They contain chambers although only one is used. The same pair will build a new nest each year and usually in the same or a nearby tree. There are usually at least two broods each year.
Click on photo for larger image
Rufus-fronted Thornbird nest (being refurbished for use by Campo Troupial
Photo by Daniesser
SÃtio SÃ£o Pedro - Martins Soares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
, August 2010
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
- Arthur Grosset
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)
 External Links