- Centropus senegalensis
- Black upperparts, bill, legs and long tail
- Chestnut wings
- White underparts
Sexes are similar
Juveniles are duller and barred above
There is a rarer dark phase of the bird, which some people believe to be a different species. The dark-phase bird is only found from Ghana to southern Nigeria. The two phases interbreed.
Northern Africa: found only in Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, DRC, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa
There are 3 subspecies:
- C. s. aegyptius:
- Lower Egypt (Nile River to El Minya)
- C. s. senegalensis:
- C. s. flecki:
Moist woodland scrub, swamps, farmland and gardens.
Active at dawn & again at dusk.
A bizarre skulking cuckoo relative which spends a large amount of time on the ground creeping through the undergrowth.
They are not brood parasites, building large untidy ball-shaped nests of stalks and leaves in vegetation. The clutch consists of 2-4 eggs.
Though their reproductive strategy is poorly understood it may involve juvenile helpers and possibly polygamy.
The diet includes large insects, caterpillars, small lizards and frogs.
This bird's call is a classical west African sound resembling water glugging out of a bottle (hence the alternative name of Bottle-bird) - a kind of sonorous low pitched who-who-who-who-who noise.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- JH Elgood's "Birds of the West African town and garden"
- BF Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Senegal Coucal. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 22 October 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Senegal_Coucal