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Speckled Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies
Photo by d.flack
Koto Beach, Gambia, November 2016
Columba guinea


32–35 cm (12½-13¾ in)

  • Rufous back
  • White-spotted wings
  • Bluish-grey upper and underparts
  • Grey head
  • Red eye patches
  • Brown neck, streaked white
  • Red

Sexes similar; immatures browner


Subspecies phaeonota
Photo by safariranger
Johannesburg, South Africa, March 2006

Africa south of the Sahara
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland



Columba guinea has two subspecies:

  • C. g. guinea
  • C. g. phaeonota


Mountain ranges, rocky terrain, coatal cliffs and cities, woods, scrub and gardens.



It feeds mainly on seeds along with newly germinated shoots, grain and groundnuts.


Their traditional breeding/roosting sites were cliff ledges but they have recently taken to breeding in buildings. This has helped the species increase in number and range. It builds a large stick nest in a tree or on a building, laying 2 white eggs.


Call: loud doo-doo-doo.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

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