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Sri Lanka Bay Owl - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Ceylon Bay Owl

Phodilus assimilis
Photo by Rob Hutchinson
Kerala, India


A chunky, short-winged and short-tailed Owl. Much darker and browner than Oriental Bay Owl. Heavy black and white spots on a vermiculated background. Heavy bars on wings and tail. Heart-shaped face. Golden collar and patches on scapulars, wing-coverts and tertials.
Sexes similar, juveniles undescribed.


Found in Sri Lanka and southwest India (Kerala).


Formerly considered a subspecies of Oriental Bay Owl. Two subspecies recognized:


Evergreen forest, mixed forest, mangrove edge.


It nests in hollow trees and tree stumps, laying between 3-5 eggs.
Its diet includes small mammals, small birds, reptiles, frogs and insects.
It is completely nocturnal.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672

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