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Tawny-flanked Prinia - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by rudydbn
Illovo Glen, South Africa, January 2006
Prinia subflava

Identification

11–12 cm (4¼-4¾ in)

  • Greyish-brown upperparts
  • Rufous-brown edges to the flight feathers
  • Rufous tinge to the rump
  • White throat and breast
  • Buff flanks and vent
  • White stripe over the eye
  • Dark lores
  • Long graduated tail
  • White tipped tail feathers and a dark subterminal band
  • Long slender bill

Sexes similar

Fledgling
Photo © by whiteheadedvulture
Accra, Ghana, September 2015

Non-breeding adults: longer tail than breeding birds
Juveniles

  • Pale yellow underparts and bill.

Distribution

Africa south of the Sahara
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Ten subspecies are recognized[1]:

Habitat

Scrub, rank grass, weeds or bushes among scattered trees, usually along streams and sewage ponds; gardens, edges of old cultivated lands; more arboreal in winter than in summer.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet consists mainly of insects and other invertebrates, such as mayflies, beetles and their larva.

Breeding

A purse-shaped nest is made of strips of grass woven together. The 2-4 eggs usually have brown or purple spots or blotches. There may be a second brood.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2016)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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