- Todiramphus macleayii
Todirhamphus macleayii, Halcyon macleayii
20cm (8 in)
A black, white and two-toned blue kingfisher distinguished by large white lore spots between bill and eye.
Males have a broad white collar, but females have an incomplete white collar broken by blue hind-neck.
Juveniles have buffy lore spots and flanks.
Shows a conspicuous white wing patch in flight.
- South-east Asia:- New Guinea and Lesser Sundas
- Australia: Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales
Was previously Halcyon macleayii. The Sibley-Monroe spelling of the scientific name (Todirhamphus macleayii) is incorrect. Clements and Howard & Moore both use Todiramphus macleayii. More details in this discussion.
There are 3 subspecies:
- T. m. elisabeth:
- Eastern New Guinea
- T. m. macleayii (insularis):
- T. m. incinctus :
Marshes, open lowland forest and forest edges roadsides, wetlands, watercourses, vegetation, cane fields.
They are often seen sitting on power lines.
Diet consists mostly of insects including grasshoppers, stick-insects, cockroaches, and beetles. Also spiders, frogs, tadpoles and lizards.
Nests usually excavated in arboreal termitaria, but may use natural tree hollows. A short entrace burrow leads to a larger egg chamber. Clutch is three to six eggs.
Includes high rolling chatter, harsh strident calls, loud whistles and screeches.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Fry, C.F., Fry, K. and Harris, A. (1991). Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, and Rollers. Princeton University Press
- Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
- Woodall, P.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Forest Kingfisher (Todiramphus macleayii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55762 on 6 November 2019).
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Forest Kingfisher. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 19 October 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Forest_Kingfisher