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Double-banded Courser

From Opus

(Redirected from Two-banded Courser)

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Alternative name: Two-banded Courser

Photo by jdbirdmanNamibia, October 2004
Photo by jdbirdman
Namibia, October 2004
Rhinoptilus africanus


[edit] Identification

[edit] Distribution

Arid country of eastern and southern Africa
Western Africa: occurs only in Angola
Eastern Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Lesotho

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Smutsornis vs. Rhinoptilus

Some authorities (Clements, 2007) place Double-banded Courser in the monotypic genus Smutsornis. However Howard & Moore (2003) and Sibley & Monroe (1996) place it within the genus Rhinoptilus and the Opus awaits clarification.

Subspecies traylori, displayingPhoto by Vernon LundyEtosha, Namibia, February 2000
Subspecies traylori, displaying
Photo by Vernon Lundy
Etosha, Namibia, February 2000

[edit] Subspecies

There are 8 subspecies1:

  • R. a. raffertyi:
  • R. a. hartingi:
  • South-eastern Ethiopia (Ogaden Depression) and Somalia
  • R. a. gracilis:
  • R. a. bisignatus:
  • R. a. traylori:
  • R. a. sharpei:
  • Central Namibia
  • R. a. africanus:
  • Central Kalahari and southern Namibia to northern Cape Province
  • R. a. granti:

[edit] Habitat

This is a bird of dry and alkaline flats as well as short grass plains normally up to 1800m.

[edit] Behaviour

Although it is active by day it may be nocturnal where temperatures are very high. It is generally seen in pairs.

[edit] Breeding

It nests on the ground among pebbles or animal droppings, laying a single egg.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at
  2. Avibase

[edit] External Links


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