- Metallura tyrianthina
9â€“10 cm (3Â½-4 in); straight bill 1 cm.
Male is mainly dark green with glittering green throat gorget and white postocular spot. The subspecies differ in tail coloration, from bronzy-green, bronzy-olive, coppery-red, to golden-red.
Female is slightly smaller than male, green above, buff to cinnamon underside, and with tail similar to male.
South America: found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Seven subspecies are recognized:
- Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (northern Colombia) and the Serrania de Perija (Colombia/Venezuela)
- Coastal mountains of northern Venezuela
- Andes of western Venezuela (Lara, Trujillo and MÃ©rida)
Metallura tyrianthina tyrianthina/quitensis
- Andes of Colombia, Venezuela (TÃ¡chira), Ecuador and northern Peru
- Andes of north-western Ecuador
- Andes of northern Peru (west of RÃo MaraÃ±Ã³n)
- Andes of eastern Peru and northern Bolivia
Medium to very high elevation often in forest, edges or around clumps of trees in more open high elevation areas.
Usually defends a feeding area from other hummers, at low to middle height of trees. Often lands on flower to feed.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
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