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Tyrian Metaltail

From Opus

MalePhoto © by Oregonian South of Bogota, Colombia, September 2006
Photo © by Oregonian
South of Bogota, Colombia, September 2006
Metallura tyrianthina


[edit] Identification

9–10 cm (3½-4 in); straight bill 1 cm.
Male is mainly dark green with glittering green throat gorget and white postocular spot. The subspecies differ in tail coloration, from bronzy-green, bronzy-olive, coppery-red, to golden-red.
Female is slightly smaller than male, green above, buff to cinnamon underside, and with tail similar to male.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

[edit] Taxonomy

FemalePhoto © by njlarsenGuango Lodge, Napo, Ecuador, August 2015
Photo © by njlarsen
Guango Lodge, Napo, Ecuador, August 2015

[edit] Subspecies

Seven subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • M. t. districta:
  • Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (northern Colombia) and the Serrania de Perija (Colombia/Venezuela)
  • M. t. chloropogon:
  • Coastal mountains of northern Venezuela
  • M. t. oreopola:
  • Andes of western Venezuela (Lara, Trujillo and Mérida)

Metallura tyrianthina tyrianthina/quitensis

  • M. t. tyrianthina:
  • Andes of Colombia, Venezuela (Táchira), Ecuador and northern Peru
  • M. t. quitensis:
  • Andes of north-western Ecuador
  • M. t. septentrionalis:
  • Andes of northern Peru (west of Río Marañón)
  • M. t. smaragdinicollis:
  • Andes of eastern Peru and northern Bolivia

[edit] Habitat

Medium to very high elevation often in forest, edges or around clumps of trees in more open high elevation areas.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually defends a feeding area from other hummers, at low to middle height of trees. Often lands on flower to feed.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156

[edit] External Links


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