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White-winged Widowbird

From Opus

Photo by LeonPilansberg, South Africa, January 2004
Photo by Leon
Pilansberg, South Africa, January 2004
Euplectes albonotatus


[edit] Identification

Length 14 cm (5½ in)
Adult breeding male:
Black with a blue-grey bill, yellow and white shoulder; white wing panels in flight.

[edit] Variations

  • eques has a browner shoulder patch
  • asymmetrurus male has a longer tail than other subspecies

[edit] Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa; Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Euplectes albonotatus has three subspecies.1

  • E. a. eques
  • E. a. asymmetrurus
  • E. a. albonotatus

[edit] Habitat

Tall grassland with bushes, including tall grass in road verges and old lands; often moist or marshy areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Non-breeding birds forage in large flocks (often with other seed-eating species). Diet is mainly grass seeds; also nectar and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

Sings from an elevated perch: squee-squi-squeege. Also a rustling shwrrr.

[edit] Breeding

Polygynous; male defends a territory of 0.1 to 0.2 ha and breeds with up to four females in a season. The oval nest is built using grass and has a side-top entrance. It is located in dense grass within 1.3 m of the ground. Two to four eggs are incubated for 12-14 days by the female; the nestling period is 11-14 days. Parasitised by Dideric Cuckoo.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from

[edit] External Links


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