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Woodland Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Halcyon senegalensis
Photo © by John Keep
Location: near Kotu stream, The Gambia.


20-23 cm. Bright blue back, wing panel and tail, white head, neck and underparts, black shoulders, red upper mandible and black lower mandible, bright red legs, dark stripe through the eye, black underwing, primaries and secondaries, white underwing coverts, white breast. Sexes similar. Juveniles - duller and brown bill.


Sub-Saharan Africa.


Halcyon senegalensis has three subspecies:[1]

  • H. s. senegalensis
  • H. s. fuscopileus
  • H. s. cyanoleuca


Wooded areas, especially with acacia trees.

Woodland KingFisher
Photo © by Bunty007
Location: Sabi Sand Private Game Reserve, South Africa


The nest is a tree hole and 3 round white eggs are laid.

The diet includes large insects, other arthropods, snakes, fish and frogs.


  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

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