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Eurasian Oystercatcher

From Opus

Photo by jenygardRunde, Norway, June 2003
Photo by jenygard
Runde, Norway, June 2003
Haematopus ostralegus

Contents

[edit] Identification

ImmaturePhoto by beverleySkomer Island, Wales, July 2010
Immature
Photo by beverley
Skomer Island, Wales, July 2010

40–47·5 cm (15¾-18¾ in)

  • Black above
  • White below
  • White wing and tail patches
  • Red legs
  • Strong broad red bill
  • Winter - white band across the throat interrupting the otherwise black neck
  • Juvenile - brown with white neck band and dull bill. Bill is still growing after they reach the ability to fly.

[edit] Distribution

Widespread throughout Eurasia and Africa.

Rare migrant on Greenland. Accidental vagrant to Newfoundland (several records).

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Likely winter plumage, notice the white neck bandPhoto by ReelsEdinburgh, Scotland, 2010
Likely winter plumage, notice the white neck band
Photo by Reels
Edinburgh, Scotland, 2010

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

[edit] Habitat

Beaches and coast in winter. Breeds in upload grassy areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes molluscs, mussels and earthworms.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a scrape on pebbles which may be on the coast, riverside or in grassy fields and even upland moors. The clutch consists of 2-4 eggs which are coloured buff to yellow possibly with a greenish tint; there are variable markings of streaks and spots from greyish to black. There is a single clutch, usually in May.

Ssp. longipes : Winter PlumagePhoto by Alok TewariJamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Jan-2016
Ssp. longipes : Winter Plumage
Photo by Alok Tewari
Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Jan-2016

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Observers Book of Birds Eggs

[edit] External Links


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