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14â€“15 cm (5Â½-6 in)
Britain, France and northern Iberia east to the Urals. Occurs over most of Scandinavia and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south found in higher areas of Italy, the Balkans and northern Greece, the Black Sea coast of Turkey and the Caucasus. First breeding for Iceland took place in 1991.
Small numbers winter on Crete and some other Greek islands but most are present in the region from April-May until August-September. Occurs throughout southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East on passage.
There are 2 subspecies:
schlueteri is no longer recognized by Clements.
Requires open ground or grassland for feeding and trees for song-posts. Found on heathland and parkland, very open woodland, edges of forest and large clearings often after recent felling. On passage may occur in more treeless areas.
The diet small invertebrates, plant matter, especially berries, in autumn.
They nest on the ground; the clutch consisting of 4-8 eggs.
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