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American Pygmy Kingfisher

From Opus

MalePhoto by the late Jim WoodCosta Rica, November 2008
Photo by the late Jim Wood
Costa Rica, November 2008
Chloroceryle aenea


[edit] Identification

13 cm.

  • Oily green upperparts
  • Yellow-orange collar
  • Rufous underparts
  • White belly

Female: has a narrow green breast band
Young birds resemble the adults, but have paler rufous underparts, no breast band, and speckled wings and flanks.

FemalePhoto by rkaCacandee, Trinidad, 2007
Photo by rka
Cacandee, Trinidad, 2007

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

This is a polytipic species consisting of 2 subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. stictoptera :
  • C. a. aenea:

[edit] Habitat

Woodland streams. Mangroves and wetlands

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The unlined nest is in a horizontal tunnel usually into a river bank; sometimes into an earth mound or termite nest. Three or four white eggs are laid.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: a weak tik or stony cht cht.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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