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American White Pelican
Length 127-178 cm, wingspan 240-300 cm, weight 5-8.5 kg.
Breeding: has short yellowish crest on back of head and an erect horny plate on upper mandible.
Juvenile duskier gray-brown than adults.
Breeds from interior British Columbia and Mackenzie south to northern California, Utah, and Manitoba; also along Texas Gulf Coast. Winters from central California, Gulf Coast, and Florida south to Panama.
Shallow freshwater lakes and marshes; also uses islets in saline lakes for breeding. In winter also on coastal lagoons and brackish ponds.
They work cooperatively in small groups, herding fish into shallow water and then scooping them up in their gigantic pouches.
They lay 1-6 (most often 2) whitish eggs on a low mound of earth and debris on a marshy island; occasionally on rocky islands in desert lakes. Nests in colonies.
They are mostly silent but will make croaking noises on the breeding grounds.
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