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15.5-17cm (6-6Â¾ in)
 Similar species
First winter birds are similar to Garden Warbler but that species lack to pattern on undertail coverts
Main breeding range is from eastern Germany, the Czech Republic and eastern Austria south-east to Bulgaria and east to the foothills of the Urals, the Caspian and Caucasus. Also breeds in scattered pockets in southern Sweden (mainly coastal areas and Oland and Gotland), and the south coast of Finland, in southern Switzerland and northern Italy, throughout the Balkans and possibly also Turkey. Probably now extinct as a breeding species in Denmark.
Leaves breeding areas in August-September to winter in East Africa, travelling via the eastern Mediterranean. Return movement takes place in mid-late May. Passage birds occur throughout east and Southeast Europe and the Middle East and occurs as a rare migrant as far west as Britain. Around 100-150, mainly 1st-winter birds, occur per year in Britain chiefly in the Northern Isles, on the east and south coasts and on Scilly. Most occur in August-October, very rare in spring.
There are 2 subspecies
Open deciduous and mixed forest and woodland, plantations and shelterbelts, parks and large gardens. Also on bushy hillsides and in riverine scrub, hedgerows and in grassland with scattered trees and shrubs.
They eat mostly fruit and berries, except during the breeding season, when insects form a major part of their diet.
They nest in mature scrubby thickets and hedgerows.
Call: a dry rattle
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