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Black-headed Jay

From Opus

Alternative names: Black-throated Jay; Lanceolated Jay

Plumage detailPhoto © by Alok TewariSat Tal Forest, Alt. 5500 ft., Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, 12 October 2018
Plumage detail
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Sat Tal Forest, Alt. 5500 ft., Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, 12 October 2018
Garrulus lanceolatus


[edit] Identification

Photo © by Rajiv Lather India
Photo © by Rajiv Lather

33cm (13 in). An unmistakable jay:

  • Black head with elongated crown feathers, erectable into ruffled crest
  • Bristly white streaks on throat
  • Greyish-pink body
  • Relatively long, barred blue tail
  • Largely blue wings with white carpal patch

Sexes similar. Juveniles are duller and browner.

[edit] Distribution

From east Afghanistan over northern Pakistan to India and Nepal.
Locally common.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Sometimes placed in genus Lalocitta.

[edit] Habitat

Open forest. Also in degraded forest, clearings, edges of forest and around villages. Occurs from 1500m to 4000m, lower in winter.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually seen in pairs or small groups, sometimes up to 40 birds and loosely associated with Eurasian Jay and Gold-billed Magpie.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding recorded in April and May. It nests in trees and suitable bushes. The clutch contains 3-5 eggs which are incubated for 16 days. Both parents feed the young.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, plants, small lizards, eggs, nestlings and they also scavenge. Fond of acorns and stores them for later use.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672
  3. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

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