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Black-necked Stilt

From Opus

Photo © by LeslieSan Joaquin Wildlife Sanctuary, Irvine, California, February 2006
Photo © by Leslie
San Joaquin Wildlife Sanctuary, Irvine, California, February 2006
Himantopus mexicanus

Includes: White-backed Stilt


[edit] Identification

White-backed StiltPhoto © by arthurgrossetCassino, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
White-backed Stilt
Photo © by arthurgrosset
Cassino, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

35–40 cm (13¾-15¾ in)

  • White underparts
  • Black wings and back
  • White tail with some grey banding
  • Black cap
  • Small white spot above eye
  • Long pink legs
  • Long thin black bill
  • melanurus has less black and more white on head

Males - greenish gloss to back and wings, particularly in breeding season
Females - tinged brown.

[edit] Distribution

U.S. to southern Peru and Brazil; Hawaiian Islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies:

  • H. m. mexicanus:
  • H. m. knudseni:
  • H. m. melanurus:

[edit] Habitat

Photo © by NeilOrlando, Florida, USA, June 2007
Photo © by Neil
Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2007

Wetlands and coastlines, up to 2500m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their varied diet consists mostly of small aquatic invertebrates, crustaceans, arthropods, molluscs, small fish and tadpoles. They also eat seeds from aquatic plants.

[edit] Breeding

Chicks, subspecies mexicanusPhoto © by Stanley JonesAnahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, USA, July 2018
Chicks, subspecies mexicanus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, USA, July 2018

They nest on mudflats. The clutch consists of 3-5 eggs which both adults incubate for 22-26 days. The young fledge after about 28 days.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2016)
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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