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Black Noddy - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by jimmclean
Heron Island, Queensland, Australia, June 2007
Anous minutus


30cm (12 in)

  • Black to brown body
  • White cap
  • Black legs and feet
  • Long, straight, thin, pointed black bill
  • Forked grey tail


Photo © by flanken
Wainapanapa State Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA, April 2011

Pacific Ocean and across the Caribbean, central Atlantic and in the northeast Indian Ocean.



Photo © by peterday
Lady Elliot Island, Queensland, Australia, Nov 2019

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • A. m. worcesteri:
  • Cavilli Island and Tubbataha Reef (Sulu Sea)
  • A. m. minutus:
  • A. m. marcusi:
  • Marcus Island and Wake Island through Micronesia to Caroline Islands
  • A. m. melanogenys Black Noddy (Hawaiian):
  • A. m. diamesus Black Noddy (East Pacific):
  • A. m. americanus Black Noddy (Caribbean):
  • A. m. atlanticus:


Tropical and subtropical seas. Normally found near to its breeding colonies within 80 km of shore. They roost and nest on islands.


Photo © by peterday
Lady Elliot Island, Queensland, Australia, Nov 2019


Its nest is a level platform made of dried leaves, grasses and twigs. The single egg is incubated by both adults for about 36 days. The chick is fed on regurgitated fish and fledges when it is about 36 days old. The parents will care for it for a few more weeks.


The diet includes small fish and aquatic invertebrates found close to the surface of the water.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

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