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Broad-billed Sandpiper

From Opus

Photo by Peter EricssonSamot Sakorn, Thailand, November 2006
Photo by Peter Ericsson
Samot Sakorn, Thailand, November 2006
Calidris falcinellus

Limicola falcinellus


[edit] Identification

16–18 cm (6¼-7 in)
A small wader with short legs. The bill is relatively long, with a broad, flattened tip. It has a diagnostic white double supercilium.


  • Dark grey upperparts with creamy streaks
  • White underparts
  • Streaked breast markings continue to flanks
Breeding plumagePhoto by dfdOulu, Finland, June 2008
Breeding plumage
Photo by dfd
Oulu, Finland, June 2008


  • Pale grey above
  • White scaling on scapulars and wings
  • White below
  • Head patter less marked

Juvenile - similar to breeding adult white belly but lacks the streaked flanks

[edit] Similar Species

Can be confused with Dunlin.

[edit] Distribution

Breeding: Patchy; Scandinavia to eastern Siberia. During breeding season found in very wet quagmires in Norway, Sweden, Finland and parts of Kola peninsula, Russia (C.f.falcinellus).

Overwinters: South-eastern Asia, Australasia (C. f. sibrica); India, Sri Lanka, Arabian Peninsula and Africa (C. f. falcinellus).

JuvenilePhoto by Steve GKalloni saltpans, Lesvos, August 2003
Photo by Steve G
Kalloni saltpans, Lesvos, August 2003

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in the genus Limicola.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • C. f. falcinellus:
  • C. f. sibirica:

[edit] Habitat

Mainly coastal. Also salt pools, gravel pits, brackish mudflats, lagoons, riversides, lakes and marshes on migration.

During breeding season found in very wet quagmires.

[edit] Behaviour

Photo by lior kislevMaagan michael, Israel, September 2012
Photo by lior kislev
Maagan michael, Israel, September 2012

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a ground scrape. The clutch usually contains 4 eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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