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Broad-billed Sandpiper - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Peter Ericsson
Samot Sakorn, Thailand, November 2006
Calidris falcinellus

Limicola falcinellus

Identification

16–18 cm (6¼-7 in)
A small wader with short legs. The bill is relatively long, with a broad, flattened tip. It has a diagnostic white double supercilium.

Breeding

  • Dark grey upperparts with creamy streaks
  • White underparts
  • Streaked breast markings continue to flanks
Breeding plumage
Photo © by dfd
Oulu, Finland, June 2008

Non-breeding

  • Pale grey above
  • White scaling on scapulars and wings
  • White below
  • Head patter less marked

Juvenile - similar to breeding adult white belly but lacks the streaked flanks

Similar Species

Can be confused with Dunlin.

Distribution

Breeding: Patchy; Scandinavia to eastern Siberia. During breeding season found in very wet quagmires in Norway, Sweden, Finland and parts of Kola peninsula, Russia (C.f.falcinellus).

Overwinters: South-eastern Asia, Australasia (C. f. sibrica); India, Sri Lanka, Arabian Peninsula and Africa (C. f. falcinellus).

Juvenile
Photo © by Steve G
Kalloni saltpans, Lesvos, August 2003

Taxonomy

Formerly placed in the genus Limicola.

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • C. f. falcinellus:
  • C. f. sibirica:

Habitat

Mainly coastal. Also salt pools, gravel pits, brackish mudflats, lagoons, riversides, lakes and marshes on migration.

During breeding season found in very wet quagmires.

Behaviour

Photo © by lior kislev
Maagan michael, Israel, September 2012

Breeding

The nest is a ground scrape. The clutch usually contains 4 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links


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