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Caribbean Dove - BirdForum Opus

Leptotila jamaicensis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Location: Rockland's Bird Sanctuary, Jamaica, November 2010


30-33 cm

  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • White face and throat
  • Grey hind crown
  • Iridescent purple nape patch
  • Iridescent green or purple hind neck
  • Pink cream breast
  • White undertail coverts and belly
  • Silver or yellow iris
  • Red legs and feet

Juvenile: duller


Central America and the Caribbean
Central America: eastern Mexico (mainly Yucatan), northern Belize, islands off Honduras
Caribbean: Jamaica, Cayman Islands, San Andres (politically a part of Colombia), and naturalized on New Providence (Bahamas)



There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • L. j. gaumeri:
  • Northern Yucatán, Mujeres, Holbox, Cozumel and islands off Honduras
  • L. j. collaris:
  • L. j. jamaicensis:
  • L. j. neoxena:


from semi-arid areas with some trees and shrubs to dense secondary forests.



Usually feeds on seeds found while walking under bushes and other cover.


The clutch consists of 2 white eggs which are incubated for 14-15 days; the young fledge 10-14 days later.


  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Avibase
  3. International Dove Society
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links