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Chestnut-winged Cinclodes

From Opus

AdultPhoto by Stanley Jones Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 20
Photo by Stanley Jones
Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 20
Cinclodes albidiventris


[edit] Identification

15–19 cm (6-7½ in)

  • Dull brown back
  • Tan belly
  • White throat finely barred with brown
  • Whitish or tan wing-stripes visible in flight
  • Whitish-buff stripe over the eye
  • Short, almost straight and pointed bill
FledglingPhoto by Stanley Jones Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 2014
Photo by Stanley Jones
Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 2014

Sexes similar.

[edit] Distribution

South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru.

[edit] Taxonomy

Split from Buff-winged Cinclodes and Cream-winged Cinclodes[2][3][4] (previously all included in Bar-winged Cinclodes).

[edit] Subspecies

Cinclodes albidiventris has three subspecies:[1]

  • C. a. oreobates
  • Santa Marta Mountains and Central and Eastern Andes of northern Colombia
  • C. a. heterurus
  • Andes of western Venezuela (Mérida, Trujillo and southern Lara)
  • C. a. albidiventris
  • Andes of northern Ecuador to northern Peru (Piura, Cajamarca)

[edit] Habitat

High-altitude shrubland, temperate grassland and high-altitude grassland, near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is built in a burrow, or in a natural cavity in an earthen bank or rock pile. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and rear the nestlings.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. SACC (South American Classification Committee) proposal (passed) to split Bar-winged Cinclodes into three species
  3. Paper describing the genetic analysis of Bar-winged Cinclodes and range of the proposed species
  4. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of this complex
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)

[edit] External Links


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