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15-16.5cm (6-6Â½ in)
 Similar Species
If you are in doubt about whether you have a Cirl Bunting or a Yellowhammer, check the rump colour - grey brown on a Cirl Bunting, almost red on a Yellowhammer. Also, Cirl Buntings have a small grey shoulder patch and richer chestnut on the upperparts.
Common in the south-west of the Western Palearctic, breeds from Iberia and Morocco north to most of France, the extreme south of England (southern Devon) and south-west Germany, and east to southern Romania and north-east Turkey. It is resident throughout its range, with no migratory populations.
There are 2 subspecies:
The preferred habitat is warm, dry scrubland and low-intensity agriculture with small fields and numerous hedges with scattered large trees for song perches; also uses large gardens close to farmland.
Flocks with other seed-eaters, especially Yellowhammers.
Hops. A rather bounding flight.
Their diet consists mostly of seeds from herbs and grass for most of the year, with insects added during the breeding season.
The nest is placed in a hedge or bush, and the eggs are incubated for 14 days. There can be 2 or 3 broods.
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