• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
Feel the intensity, not your equipment. Maximum image quality. Minimum weight. The new ZEISS SFL, up to 30% less weight than comparable competitors.

Common Wood Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Common Woodpigeon)
Adult
Photo © by Richard Ford
Hampshire, UK, 21 February 2004

Alternative names: Common Wood-Pigeon, Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus

Identification

40-42cm (15¾-16½ in)

  • Grey body
  • Pink breast
  • Green, white and purple neck patch
  • White wing patch
  • Black tipped tail
  • Bright yellow iris
  • Pink legs and bill

Juvenile: browner, duller, no neck patch.

Juvenile
Photo by Tom Dunlop
Saltwell Park, Gateshead, Durham, UK, 08 May 2014

Distribution

Europe, North Africa and Asia

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Adult in flight
Photo © by IanF
Cowpen Bewley Woodland Park, Billingham, Cleveland, UK, 3020 May 2009

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. p. azorica:Duller with smaller neck patches.
  • C. p. maderensis:
  • Formerly mountains of Madeira. Probably extinct
  • C. p. palumbus:
  • C. p. iranica:Whitish or pale yellow bill.
  • Southern Transcaspia to Iran
  • C. p. casiotis: Neck patch creamy buff or cinnamon, not white.

Habitat

Parks, gardens, woods, and farmland.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes grain, crops and seeds.

Breeding

Subspecies C. p. iranica
Photo © by Houman Doroudi (Tormtay)
Hircainian Jungle, National Botanical Garden of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 27 May 2016

Both sexes build the platform nest from twigs in a bush or shrub, particularly in evergreens. The 2 glossy white eggs are incubated by both sexes for 17 days; the young fledge 29-35 days later. There can be up to 3 clutches. Breeding can start as early as March and continue until November.

Vocalisation

Call: ru-hoo ru ru-hoo. Listen to Common Wood Pigeon voice clip

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. British Garden Birds
  3. Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54105 on 8 October 2018).
  4. Goodwin, D. (1983) Pigeons and Doves of the World. Cornell Univ. Press.
  5. Wikipedia contributors. (2018, September 9). Common wood pigeon. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:37, October 8, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_wood_pigeon&oldid=858820530

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

Top