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Crested Francolin

From Opus

Subspecies sephaenaPhoto © by Reader Near to Berg En Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa, November 2009
Subspecies sephaena
Photo © by Reader
Near to Berg En Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa, November 2009
Dendroperdix sephaena

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies grantiiPhoto © by mikemikNgorongoro, Tanzania
Subspecies grantii
Photo © by mikemik
Ngorongoro, Tanzania

30–35 cm (11¾-13¾ in)

  • Dark brown crown
  • Chestnut blotching on neck and breast
  • Flecked white and brown
  • Broad white supercilium
  • Black bill
  • Red legs

[edit] Distribution

Southern Sudan, Ethiopia, western Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania (excluding western regions), Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, southern Angola, northern Namibia northern and eastern Botswana and north-eastern South Africa.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in the genus Francolinus.

[edit] Subspecies

Francolinus sephaena has five subspecies:[1]

  • D. s. grantii
  • D. s. spilogaster
  • D. s. rovuma
  • D. s. sephaena
  • D. s. zambesiae

[edit] Habitat

Thicket, woodland and densely wooded savanna. Favours areas with sparse ground cover.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects (particularly termites) and their larvae, sedge bulbs and seeds.

[edit] Vocalisation

These are highly vocal birds which can be heard at intervals throughout the day as well as on bright moonlit nights.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to December 2007 (Corrigenda 7). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  4. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  5. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154

[edit] External Links

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