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Crimson Rosella

From Opus

Platycercus elegans

Includes: Yellow Rosella, Adelaide Rosella

Contents

[edit] Identification

32-36cm

  • Crimson plumage
  • Blue cheeks
  • Black back and wing coverts, edged with red
  • Blue edged flight feathers
  • Tail blue above, pale blue undertail
Adelaide Rosella Photo © by Rose FletcherNangawooka Flora Reserve, Victor Harbor, South Australia, December 2008
Adelaide Rosella
Photo © by Rose Fletcher
Nangawooka Flora Reserve, Victor Harbor, South Australia, December 2008

Juvenile

  • Blue cheeks
  • Green-olive to yellow olive plumage

Yellow Rosella is pale yellow-green mottled with black backs, which are olive green in juveniles.

[edit] Distribution

Australia: found in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria.

Introduced to New Zealand.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Yellow RosellaPhoto © by qiubird
Yellow Rosella
Photo © by qiubird

Six subspecies are recognised by Clements[1]:

  • P. e. nigrescens:
  • P. e. elegans:
  • Eastern Australia (south-eastern Queensland to south-eastern South Australia)
  • P. e. melanopterus:
  • Kangaroo Island
  • P. e. flaveolus Yellow Rosella:

Adelaide Rosella

  • P. e. subadelaidae:
  • Southern South Australia
  • P. e. adelaidae:
  • Southern South Australia

flaveolus, subadelaidae and adelaidae were sometimes considered to be separate species but are now commonly lumped in this species.

JuvenilePhoto © by PaddyobNear Ballarat, Australia, January 2010
Juvenile
Photo © by Paddyob
Near Ballarat, Australia, January 2010

[edit] Habitat

Coastal and mountain euclypt and wet forest.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a tree hollow, lined with wood shavings and dust. The 4-8 white eggs are incubated by the female for about 20 days; both sexes care for the young. The young fledge after about 35 days, but depend on their parents for a further 35 days.

[edit] Diet

Juvenile Adelaide RosellaPhoto © by peterdayPrivate garden, Normanville, South Australia, October 2018
Juvenile Adelaide Rosella
Photo © by peterday
Private garden, Normanville, South Australia, October 2018

They eat the seeds of various trees, including native pines, blue fig, acacia and eucalypts.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. austmus.gov
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)

[edit] External Links


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