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Eurasian Penduline Tit

From Opus

Photo © by PavlikThe Saratov area, Russia, April 2004
Photo © by Pavlik
The Saratov area, Russia, April 2004
Remiz pendulinus


[edit] Identification

10–11 cm (4-4¼ in)

  • Light grey head and nape
  • Black mask
  • Reddish-brown upperparts
  • White to orangey-buff underparts
  • Male has reddish breast spots

Female has a narrower facial mask

[edit] Distribution

Throughout much of Eurasia. Has bred in Belgium and Finland.

A rare visitor to Britain, but becoming more regular.

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by anzekSlovenia
Photo © by anzek

[edit] Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • R. p. pendulinus:
  • Europe to Ural Mountains, Caucasus Mountains and western Turkey
  • R. p. menzbieri:
  • R. p. caspius:
  • North-western Kazakhstan (Volga and Ural plains) to Caspian Sea
  • R. p. jaxarticus:

[edit] Habitat

Reed beds, ponds and ditches.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of small insects and invertebrates, their eggs and larvae. They also eat some seeds.

[edit] Breeding

Polygamous.The nest is suspended from a branch and is made from wool, animal hair, soft plant materials bound with spiders' web. The eggs may be deserted by both adults, while they go in search of another partner.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

[edit] Gallery

Click on images to enlarge

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)
  5. Wikipedia
  6. BirdGuides

[edit] External Links


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