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 Similar species
Mourning Wheatear has a black upper back, less sexual dimorphism (females much as males), and is marginally larger and longer-billed, but otherwise similar.
Primarily in southwest Asia, marginal in southeast Europe and northeast Africa. A short distance, often altitudinal migrant, breeding in the drier mountains of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, the eastern Caucasus (north to Dagestan in southernmost Russia), Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and northwestern Pakistan; wintering south to Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, and northern Saudi Arabia.
Two subspecies are accepted:
Breeds on barren rocky mountainsides, mostly at 700-2200 m altitude, often in ravines; in winter in hills and plains with or without scattered shrubs.
A shy bird, it will not tolerate the presence of other wheatears in the breeding area.
The nest is usually in a crevice between rocks.
The diet consists mostly of insects, but some plant material is consumed.
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