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Gentoo Penguin

From Opus

Pygoscelis papua

Contents

[edit] Identification

76 cm Recognised by large size and head pattern
Blue-black above, white below. Head black with white bar over crown
Bill black and orange, legs orange.

[edit] Variations

Porpoising to escape a Leopard SealPhoto by JCLPleneau Island, Antarctic Peninsula, February 2008
Porpoising to escape a Leopard Seal
Photo by JCL
Pleneau Island, Antarctic Peninsula, February 2008

Two-three races recognised differing in minor bill and leg measurements.

[edit] Distribution

Circumpolar in the subantarctic.
Breeds on the Antarctic Peninsula and Staten Island, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, the South Shetland, South Orkney and South Sandwich Islands, Prince Edward, Marion, Crozet, Kerguelen, Heard and Macquarie Islands.

Pelagic range not fully known but many remain close to breeding range, others wander northwards to about 430S in South America.

Vagrants recorded in Tasmania and New Zealand.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

YoungPhoto by Dave ClarkGodthul on South Georgia Island, January 2012
Young
Photo by Dave Clark
Godthul on South Georgia Island, January 2012

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • P. p. papua: Larger
  • Sub-antarctic regions south to ca 60°S
  • P. p. ellsworthi: Smaller
  • Antarctic Peninsula to South Sandwich Islands

An additional subspecies taeniata (from Macquarie, Heard, Kerguelen and Marion Islands) is not generally recognised.

[edit] Habitat

Breeds on remote flat or rocky islands, otherwise at sea but seen close to breeding sites throughout the year.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Colonial breeder, August-March, nest is a bulky structure of vegetation or small stones. Two white eggs laid between late-September and mid-October, incubated by both sexes for 33 days. Young fed by both sexes.

[edit] Diet

Their diet includes krill.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2014)

[edit] External Links


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